The following are used by Skyline maintenance Ltd for guidance and conformity with industry legislation:
HEALTH & SAFETY AT WORK etc. ACT 1974 (HSWA)
MANAGEMENT OF HEALTH & SAFETY AT WORK REGULATIONS
THE WORKPLACE (HEALTH, SAFETY & WELFARE)
REGULATIONS 1992 (WHSWR)
BUILDING REGULATIONS (AND AMMENDMENT) REGULATIONS
2015 CONSTRUCTION (DESIGN & MANAGEMENT)
REGULATIONS 2015 (CDM)
CORPORATE MANSLAUGHTER AND CORPORATE HOMICIDE
ACT 2007 PUBLIC INTEREST DISCLOSURE ACT 1998 EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS ACT 1996
HEALTH AND SAFETY (FIRST AID) REGULATIONS 1981
REGULATORY REFORM FIRE SAFETY ORDER 2005 WORK AT
HEIGHT REGULATIONS 2005
ELECTRICITY AT WORK REGULATIONS 1989 CONTROL OF NOISE AT WORK REGULATIONS 2005
CONTROL OF VIBRATION AT WORK REGULATIONS 2005 DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION ACT 1995 (DDA)
HAZARDOUS WASTE (ENGLAND AND WALES) REGULATIONS
HEALTH & SAFETY (SAFETY SIGNS & SIGNALS) REGULATIONS 1996 AND
HEALTH AND SAFETY (INFORMATION FOR EMPLOYEES) REGULATIONS 1989
PROVISION AND USE OF WORK EQUIPMENT REGULATIONS
MANUAL HANDLING OPERATIONS REGULATIONS 1992
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT AT WORK REGULATIONS
HEALTH AND SAFETY (DISPLAY SCREEN EQUIPMENT) REGULATIONS 1992
LIFTING OPERATIONS AND LIFTING EQUIPMENT
LIFTING PLANT AND EQUIPMENT (RECORDS OF TESTS AND EXAMINATIONS) REGULATIONS 1992
WATER SUPPLY (WATER QUALITY) REGULATIONS 2000
EMPLOYERS LIABILITY (COMPULSORY INSURANCE) ACT 1969 - 1998
EMPLOYERS LIABILITY (DEFECTIVE EQUIPMENT) ACT 1969
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT 1990
ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE (PREVENTION AND REMEDIATION)
WASTE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT (AMMENDMENT) REGULATIONS 2010
THE REACH ENFORECMENT REGULATIONS 2008
CONTROL OF SUBSTANCES HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH
(AMMENDMENT) REGULATIONS 2004
REPORTING OF INJURIES, DISEASES AND DANGEROUS
CONTROL OF ASBESTOS REGULATIONS 2012
OCCUPIERS LIABILITY Act 1957 and 1984
PRESSURE SYSTEMS SAFETY REGULATIONS 2000
SIMPLE PRESSURE VESSELS (SAFETY) REGULATIONS 1991 GAS APPLIANCES (SAFETY REGULATIONS) 1992
The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992
General legislative responsibilities for the required control of hazards posed by window cleaning are given in The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992,
Regulation 13 (3), where measures must be taken to prevent:
"(a) any person falling a distance likely to cause personal injury;
(b) any person being struck by a falling object likely to cause personal injury" and Regulation 13 (4)
"any area where there is a risk to health or safety from any event mentioned in paragraph (3) shall be clearly indicated where appropriate"
In addition it requires all structures to be appropriately and securely fenced.
Similarly, Regulation 16 (1) requires:
"all windows and skylights in a workplace shall be of a design or be so constructed that they may be cleaned safely" and
Regulation 16 (2) requires that
"in considering whether a window or skylight is of a design or so constructed as to comply with paragraph (1), account may be taken of equipment used in conjunction with the window or skylight or of devices fitted to the building”
Work At Height (WAH) Regulations 2005
Specific and detailed legislation is provided in the Work At Height Regulations 2005 with schedules appended to provide further detail on the specific requirements of the various possible risk areas.
These schedules are summarised in the Work At Height Regulations 2005, a brief guide INDG401 as follows:
Existing places of work and means of access for work at height 1
Collective fall prevention (e.g. guard rails and toe boards) 2
Working platforms 3
Collective fall arrest (e.g. nets airbags etc) 4
Personal fall protection (e.g. work restraints, work positioning, fall arrest & rope 5 access)
Ladders and stepladders 6 Inspection reports (for working platforms in construction only) 7 Revocations (Section 8 revokes
previous legislation) 8
A wealth of authoritative guidance was referenced with regards to the relevant risk factors:
Roof Access and Roof Work
Health and Safety in Roof Work HSG33, requires that roof access be properly considered in the context of the risks posed during maintenance work. It is therefore relevant where access is required at roof level to complete works and to demonstrate good control for the prevention of falls in all cases. A summary of requirements is provided in the Simple Guide to Working On Roofs HSE Leaflet INDG284
Ladders and Stepladders
Simple Guide to the Safe Use of Ladders and Stepladders, HSE Leaflet INDG402 provides very useful guidance for the general safe use of ladders and stepladders.
HSE Miscellaneous Information Sheet MISC613 provides guidance details for Safety in window cleaning using portable ladders Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 and associated Approved Code of Practice and guidance L22 as summarised in the Simple Guide to the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 Leaflet INDG291 are relevant where any form of work equipment is used. Requirements for compliance include those surrounding suitable and sufficient specification and selection by competent persons, as well as training, instruction and supervision of all workers.
Rope Access Techniques
HSE Miscellaneous Information Sheet MISC612 provides guidance detail of Safety in window cleaning using rope access techniques. This guidance is principally for operatives to ensure the competency of every operative, obtaining certification from the subcontractor. Where responsible for the management of any of the safety equipment specified for the task, information pertaining to its testing and examination by competent persons should be readily available. Access should be restricted to all workers in the event of a failure of any equipment and equipment must be clearly labelled as unfit for use.
The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998
The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998
(LOLER) and associated Approved Code of Practice and guidance L113 as summarised in the Simple Guide to the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 Leaflet INDG290 are relevant where suspended and powered access equipment is used.
Regulation 9 of LOLER requires that all access equipment be thoroughly examined at least every 6 months (for equipment carrying persons or for lifting accessories exposed to conditions causing deterioration). It also specifies that equipment must be deemed suitable for use by compliance with the following criteria:
HSE Miscellaneous Information Sheet MISC611 provides guidance detail of Safety in window cleaning using suspended and powered access equipment, which includes the use of window cleaning cradles and MEWPs Mobile Elevated Work Platforms HSE Miscellaneous Information Sheet MISC614 provides additional guidance over and above that found in LOLER and MISC611 and gives details for preventing falls specifically from boom-type mobile elevating work platforms to ensure the suitability and sufficiency of the safe system of work employed.
Written Schemes of Examination
In the 'Simple Guide to the Thorough Examination of Lifting Equipment' HSE Leaflet INDG422, the requirements for the successful formation of a Written Scheme of examination are provided. These guidance notes may be to further understand the logic behind any recommendations for further assessment, repair or suspension of use.
A Written scheme of examination should be provided for all equipment as required under LOLER and the Company should obtain copies upon purchase or acquisition of new equipment.
INDG422 also refers to the Safety Assessment Federation (SAFed) as an appropriate specialist in the field. SAFed is notably referred to in examination reports provided to the company.
BS EN 341, Personal fall protection equipment— Descender Devices (for Rescue) BS EN 354, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — Lanyards
BS EN 355, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — Energy absorbers.
BS EN 35, Personal protective equipment for work positioning and prevention of falls from a height - Belts for work positioning and restraint and work positioning lanyards.
BS EN 361, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — Full body harnesses.
BS EN 362, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — Connectors.
BS EN 363, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — Fall arrest systems.
BS EN 364, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — Test methods.
BS EN 365, Personal protective equipment against falls from a
height — General requirements for instructions for use, maintenance, periodic examination, repair marking and packaging
BS EN 795:1997, Protection against falls from a height – Anchor devices - Requirements and testing
BS EN 13374:200476 Temporary Edge Protection Systems
Codes of practice
BS 5845:1980 and 199189 Specification for permanent anchors for industrial safety belts and harnesses
BS 5974: 2010 Code of practice for the planning, design, setting up and use of temporary suspended access equipment
BS 6037-2:200477 Code of practice for the planning, design, installation and use of permanently installed access equipment.
Travelling ladders and gantries77
BS 7883:200579, Code of practice for the design, selection, installation, use and maintenance of anchor devices conforming to BS EN 79568.
BS 7985:200290 Code of practice for the use of rope access for industrial purposes. BS 8437:200580, Code of Practice for selection, use and maintenance of personal fall protection systems and equipment for use in the workplace.
BS 8454:200691, Code of Practice for delivery of training and education for work at height and rescue